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How to build window frames

The window frames are inserts containing the glass panels. The most common types are as hung windows double hung and single hung. Older windows of the same style have four or more panes of glass called “light” installed separately in each frame. Modern windows panels typically used simple in each frame with an aggregate to give the appearance of an older style of window guidance. Building frames with glass panels replacement simple is a project moderately challenging for an experienced carpenter.

You will need

  • Window frame to be replaced for measures
  • Wood for the new framework
  • 0.75 inches (1.9 cm) of birch wood plate and a template
  • Glass cut to fit into the new framework
  • Table saw blade to blade finish and socket
  • Guide and guide table
  • 220 grit
  • Mecha recess
  • Mecha guided 0.25-inch (0.6 cm)
  • Chisel 0.25 inches (0.6 cm)
  • Nailer and nails
  • Glazing Compound
  • Points Glaze
  • Squad
  • Pencil
  • Paint tape
  • Brush and wood glue
  • Spatula
  • Hammer tinsmith
  • Wood sealer and brush
  • Wooden Spatula
  • Safety glasses
  • Hearing protection
  • Dust mask


Make a template

  1. Cut plate 0.75 inches (1.9 cm) birch four inches (10 cm) larger than the old window frame. Measure the width and height of the old frame and add four inches (10 cm) on each measure to cut this piece.
  2. Take accurate measurements of the old framework and rest them on the wooden plate. Note that the two horizontal pieces crashing into the two vertical pieces. Use a square and measured carefully.
  3. Cut four strips two inches (5 cm) wide on the table saw. Cut them the same length as the pieces of the old frame.
  4. Root plated strips the plating template aligned with the marks made earlier. Use the square to make sure the templates are perfect.
  5. Add the strips of veneer to the template with nailers or optionally with screws. Use glue if you plan to make many similar frameworks.

Performs frame

  1. Cut four frame parts to the correct width of each part as in previous section. The two side pieces (stringers) should be the same width. Probably the upper part (the guide head) and the lower part (the lower guide) are different sizes.
  2. Add 0.75 inches (1.9 cm) width of the guide members to allow the pin to be attached to the stringers and short parts along. Also cut the side pieces along.
  3. Use the table saw with the blade bevel to cut 3/8 inch (0.95 cm) across and 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) wide for the stringers on the ends of the pieces above and below. See illustration.
  4. Supports the side pieces and place them in the template firmly against the side blocks of the template. It should be a tight fit. Root parts upper and lower on the template. Make final locations of the shrouds of the side pieces.
  5. Sets the table guide to cut a groove 7/16 inch (1.11 cm) deep with straight wick 1/4 inch (0.6 cm). Use brake blocks to avoid cutting too much on the side pieces. Cut a slot centered 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) at the edge of the side pieces, being careful to stop at the marked locations. This operation must be carried out in two or three steps, cutting 1/8 to 1/4 inch (0.3 to 0.6 cm) at each step.
  6. Uses a chisel 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) for squaring the ends of the shrouds. Try fitting the beams of guides on the shrouds. With the pieces should fit firmly embedded in the template. Make any final adjustments to the parts before gluing.
  7. Remove the pieces from the template. Place painter’s tape on the template where the joints will be supported under parts and sides. Apply glue on the shrouds and the straps and on the faces of the members and found the guide.
  8. Match the pieces and clean any glue protruding. Arrange the pieces on the template to hold them together while the glue dries. Clasping the bottom parts of the template to prevent them from moving. Uses eight pins or more if necessary. Clean any excess glue in sight. Leave an hour for the glue to dry.

Adding glass frame

  1. Nailer used to strengthen joints adding four nails through the side pieces to the beams. Fill nail holes with wood fillings that match the type of wood used.
  2. Place the window frame back into the workforce. Use a guide to the wick of recesses to cut around the inside of the frame to a depth that is twice the width of the glass used. Note that probably cuts will ride at least part of the cut, so you’ll need a wick quality, new and sharp to prevent breakage.
  3. Square the corners of the slot with a chisel of 0.25 inches (0.6 cm) and clean any minor crack with sandpaper.
  4. Roll a glaze compound wad in a rope and secure it in the corner of the channel set for the slot, all around the frame. Supports glass and glaze compound. The back side and the edges of the glass should be embedded in the composite.
  5. Add icing points every six to eight (15 to 20 cm) to maintain the glass in place. Use rigid metal spatula to press them into the wood. Hold the handle of the spatula against the glass while holding the points. No pressure at an angle, because the glass will break.
  6. Roll the icing compound and apply it in a noose around the glass panel. Softens the compound with a spatula to form an angle of 30 to 45 degrees of the glass against the front surface of the frame. Allow the compound to harden overnight and the new frame is ready to be painted or varnished.

Tips and Warnings

  • The template is a key to the success of this project. RealĂ­zala square and the right size and the final product will be a window frame square and usable.
  • Careful measurements and precision cuts are the second key frame is great.
  • A beveled blade to cut a wider opening than a regular sheet. Adjust the height of the blade and the width to match the requirements of the crossbar.
  • You can buy a sheet of glass and cut your own, but why bother? Most hardware stores will gladly cut it for you and not have to worry about breaking it, instead of cutting it.
  • The birch wood is the choice of wood for templates and other commercial uses. It is very flat, smooth and stable, which allows good templates.
  • Spend a brush with wood sealer on the channel created by the wick slots support the glass to the frame lasts forever.
  • Paint or varnish and sealant are needed to protect the frame of the climate and preserve wood and to help seal the window.
  • Always use the proper protective equipment including hearing protection, eye, and a dust mask when using tools.
  • Use gloves and eye protection when cutting glass.